Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)


Mayor (or equivalent): Jan Vapaavuori
Population: 628,208 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 7 January 2009
Status 3


Main contact: Katri Kuusinen
Position: Head of Unit

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
Association of Finnish Local and Regional AuthoritiesFinland3
Energy CitiesFrance50
METREX (Network of European Metropolitan Regions and Areas)United Kingdom3
Union of Baltic CitiesPoland10


Transport optimization of excavation waste
Sector: Transport
Implementation timeframe: 2014 - 2020
Area of intervention: Improvement of logistics and urban freight transport
Policy instrument: Voluntary agreements with stakeholders
Responsible body: HKR
CO2 reduction :
5882577 t CO2 eq./a
Energy savings (MWh):
23739 MWh/a
Implementation cost (€):
70000 €
Jobs created:
Cost savings:

Description: City level optimization and planning of the reduction of transport needs of excavation waste. The target is to use the excavation waste near the source and there is a city level coordinator to coordinate the excavation masses. The cost and energy savings achieved varies yearly. The cost savings have been between 4 - 14 M€ yeras 2014-2016.
Financing sources: Public-Private Partnerships

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (2 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Transport optimization of excavation waste16 Aug 2017 en
Viikki Environment House12 Jun 2017 en
Demand-based ventilation in 15 municipal buildings12 Jun 2017 en
Replacing 50 000 street lights12 Jun 2017 en
Last updated at: 21 December 2017
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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