Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)


Population: 3,439,132 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 20 July 2010
Status 3


Main contact: Barbara Berninger
Position: Senate Department for the Environment, Transport and Climate Protection


Main contact: Gesa Homann
Position: Senate Department for the Environment, Transport und Climate Protection

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
Climate AllianceGermany89
Forum European Energy AwardGermany11
ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European SecretariatGermany25
METREX (Network of European Metropolitan Regions and Areas)United Kingdom3


Implementation of the Environmental Relief Programme (UEP)
Sector: Municipal buildings, equipment/facilities
Implementation timeframe: 2008 - 2020
Area of intervention: Integrated action (all above)
Policy instrument: Grants and subsidies
Responsible body: SenStadtUm
CO2 reduction :
1000 t CO2 eq./a
Implementation cost (€):
88.42 Million €

Description: Implementation of the Environmental Relief Programme (UEP) with a focus of the energy efficient refurbishment of municipal buildings, co-financed by ERDF
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources, EU Funds & Programmes

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (5 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Implementation of the Environmental Relief Programme (UEP)23 Feb 2015 en
Klimaschutzvereinbarung mit BBU23 Feb 2015 de
Machbarkeitsstudie Klimaneutrales Berlin 205023 Feb 2015 de
Last updated at: 18 December 2017
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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