Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)


Mayor (or equivalent): Giuseppe Sala
Population: 1,300,000 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 18 December 2008
Status 3


Main contact: Bruno Villavecchia
Position: Director Agenzia Mobilità Ambiente Territorio (AMAT)

Covenant Coordinators

Covenant Coordinators Countries Signatories
Province of MilanItaly91

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
ANCI IDEALI The European Foundation of CitiesItaly11


Connection of 29 Municipal Buildings to the District Heating Service
Sector: Municipal buildings, equipment/facilities
Implementation timeframe: 2013 - 2020
Area of intervention: Integrated action (all above)
Policy instrument: Other
Responsible body: City of Milan, Urban Planning Centra Dpt, Building Sector
CO2 reduction :
2400 t CO2 eq./a
Energy savings (MWh):
10506 MWh/a

Description: In 2013 the Administration contracted to the Utility in charge of the district heating service in Milan the connection to district heating of 29 municipal non residential buildings (mainly schools). The contract included 7 year of operation and Management and heat supply at a total cost of 17.000.000 €. The Utility is committed to invest the 10% of the total sum in energy retrofit and extraordinary maintenance. The energy mix of district heating in Milan is represented by combined heat and power, waste to energy, back up boilers and a small fraction of renewable energy (groundwater heat pumps). To date (February 2017) 28 buildings are connected.
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (2 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Connection of 29 Municipal Buildings to the District Heating Service23 Feb 2017 en
Energy retrofit of two municipal residential building blocks23 Feb 2017 en
Renovation of the public lighting system23 Feb 2017 en
Last updated at: 6 July 2017
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
To exchange
via your mobile
To become fan
of the Covenant page
To subscribe to the
Rss feeds
To receive news
in real-time
With the political support of the European Commission With the political support of the European Commission. Website coordinated by the Covenant of Mayors Office.
News | Agenda | Site map | RSS help | Credits | Legal