Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)2030 CO2 targetAdaptation


Mayor (or equivalent): Karin Wanngård
Population: 829,417 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 10 December 2008
Status 3


Main contact: Malin Parmander
Position: International Affairs officer

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
The Climate Municipalities (Sweden - Klimatkommunerna)Sweden21


Clean Vehicles in Stockholm
Sector: Transport
Implementation timeframe: 1994 - 2020
Area of intervention: Cleaner/efficient vehicles
Policy instrument: Awareness raising / training
Responsible body: City of Stockholm
CO2 reduction :
200000 t CO2 eq./a

Description: Traffic is the main source of health-hazardous emissions and noise and a major source of climate gas emissions in Stockholm. To decrease emissions and noise, City of Stockholm has initiated the project Clean Vehicles in Stockholm After over 15 years, the results are astonishing: 2012 nearly 50 % of the cars sold in Stockholm were clean vehicles; and 18% of the passenger cars in greater Stockholm are ethanol, biogas, and electric or ultra-low emission vehicles. All inner-city buses operate on biogas or ethanol, 100 % of the waste-lorries and 40 % of the taxis are bio fuelled or HEV. Most of the fuelling stations (88 %) offer ethanol or biogas and all petrol sold in the region contains 5 % ethanol. The trend is still increasing. The basic idea is to work integrated with all key actors in the whole chain – from fuel providers and vehicle manufacturers to end-users.
Financing sources: EU Funds & Programmes

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (3 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Clean Vehicles in Stockholm18 Feb 2015 en
Congestion tax in Stockholm18 Feb 2015 en
Climate Smart Stockholmers - climate communication with the stockholmers18 Feb 2015 en
Sustainable Järva18 Feb 2015 en
Last updated at: 10 February 2016
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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