Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)2030 CO2 targetAdaptation


Mayor (or equivalent): Bo Frank
Population: 86,000 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 21 October 2008
Status 3


Main contact: Henrik Johansson
Position: Environmental coordinator
Phone: +46 470 41330

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
The Climate Municipalities (Sweden - Klimatkommunerna)Sweden21


Bio-based steam production in Lantmännen Reppe industry in Växjö
Sector: Industry
Implementation timeframe: 2008 - 2012
Area of intervention: Renewable energy
Policy instrument: Other
Responsible body: Lantmännen Reppe AB
CO2 reduction :
7425 t CO2 eq./a
Renewable energy produced (MWh):
27050 MWh/a
Implementation cost (€):
500000 €

Description: The industry Lantmännen Reppe has historically used approximately 2500 m3 of oil to produce steam for the industrial processes. Originally it was supposed that the oil should be replaced by soild biomass, which would cost about 2 M€. In 2012 it was decided to take an intemediate step and replace the fossil oil with biologic oil. The same environmental effect is achieved, but to a much lower cost (about 0,5 M€). At a later stage, the industry plans to shift from biologic oil to solid biomass fuel. This single measure has caused remarkable effects in Växjö (which will be seen in the in year 2013 monitoring). The total CO2 emissions in Växjö will drop by 3 %. The total use of fossil oil will drop by 33 %. The share of renewable energy in Växjö will increase by at least 1%.

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (2 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Bio-based steam production in Lantmännen Reppe industry in Växjö 1 Dec 2015 en
The Green Data Center 1 Dec 2015 en
Coordinated transport of municipal purchased goods 1 Dec 2015 en
Last updated at: 12 December 2016
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
To exchange
via your mobile
To become fan
of the Covenant page
To subscribe to the
Rss feeds
To receive news
in real-time
With the political support of the European Commission With the political support of the European Commission. Website coordinated by the Covenant of Mayors Office.
News | Agenda | Site map | RSS help | Credits | Legal