Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)2030 CO2 targetAdaptation


Mayor (or equivalent): Bo Frank
Population: 86,000 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 21 October 2008
Status 3


Main contact: Henrik Johansson
Position: Environmental coordinator
Phone: +46 470 41330

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
The Climate Municipalities (Sweden - Klimatkommunerna)Sweden21


Coordinated transport of municipal purchased goods
Sector: Transport
Implementation timeframe: 2009 - 2011
Area of intervention: Improvement of logistics and urban freight transport
Policy instrument: Public procurement
Responsible body: City of Växjö
CO2 reduction :
200 t CO2 eq./a
Implementation cost (€):
800000 €
Jobs created:

Description: Thanks to the use of a coordinated transportation system for all goods purchased by Växjö's municipal organisation, we have been able to reduce the number of deliveries from 1900 per week to 350 per week. This is a way of optimising the transprt system, reduce the mileage, increase safety at schools and kindergartens, save money, and of course reduce CO2 emissions. By connecting the system to the public procurement policies, we have also been able to buy more food from local producers, which is good when it comes to support local agricultural economy.

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (2 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Coordinated transport of municipal purchased goods 1 Dec 2015 en
The Green Data Center 1 Dec 2015 en
Bio-based steam production in Lantmännen Reppe industry in Växjö 1 Dec 2015 en
Last updated at: 12 December 2016
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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