Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)2030 CO2 targetAdaptation


Mayor (or equivalent): Daniël Termont
Population: 247,000 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 10 February 2009
Status 2


Main contact: Cathy De Bruyne
Position: coordinator-expert Environmental Service

Covenant Coordinators

Covenant Coordinators Countries Signatories
Province of East-FlandersBelgium40

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
Climate AllianceGermany89
Energy CitiesFrance50


City renewal project Ledeberg Leeft
Sector: Residential buildings
Implementation timeframe: 2010 - 2013
Area of intervention: Integrated action (all above)
Policy instrument: Other
Responsible body: Service of Living
CO2 reduction :
2990 t CO2 eq./a
Implementation cost (€):
5.5 Million €

Description: City renewal project in one of the most difficult districts in Ghent on economic, social and ecological level. To increase the pace of retrofit many stakeholders were brought together to cooperate, difficult corner plots were bought by SOgent, the development company of the City, and demonstration houses were built as example, green spots were introduced in the district and substantial subsidies grated for retrofit. The combination of efforts triggered retrofit and increased liveability in the district: • New slow road connecting the district with the city • 8 corner houses • 20 flats for elderly people • 750 houses screened on quality of life and energy • 1.400 applications for subsidies of which 250 for roofs, 250 for windows, 170 for heating, 100 for all kinds of insulation • A ‘living care zone’ to facilitate elderly people to live as long as possible in their own house
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources, National Funds & Programmes, EU Funds & Programmes

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (3 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Pilot Energy Coaching16 Jan 2015 en
City renewal project Ledeberg Leeft16 Jan 2015 en
Remediation public lighting16 Jan 2015 en
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