Illustration Signatories

The fight against climate change will be won or lost in urban areas. A vast majority of the European population lives and works in cities, consuming an estimated 80% of the energy used in the EU. Local administrations, as the closest government level to citizens are ideally placed to address climate issues in a comprehensive manner. More and more cities are thus deciding to take up the challenge, as shown by the growing number of Covenant of Mayors signatories.

Signatory cities vary in size from small villages to major metropolitan areas such as London or Paris.

The commitments for Covenant Signatories are linked to the European Union’s Climate and energy policy framework. These include the European Union’s climate and energy package for 2020 for signatories who have joined between 2008 and 2015 and the European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework as well as the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change for signatories joining after 2015.

As of October 2015, Covenant signatories commit to adopting an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. They are required to develop Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans with the aims of cutting CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resilience to climate change within the first two years of adhesion.

The list of cities that have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors can be found below.


Mitigation (2020 target)2030 CO2 targetAdaptation


Mayor (or equivalent): Daniël Termont
Population: 247,000 inhabitants

Covenant status

Date of adhesion: 10 February 2009
Status 2


Main contact: Cathy De Bruyne
Position: coordinator-expert Environmental Service

Covenant Coordinators

Covenant Coordinators Countries Signatories
Province of East-FlandersBelgium40

Covenant Supporters

Covenant Supporters Countries Signatories
Climate AllianceGermany89
Energy CitiesFrance50


Pilot Energy Coaching
Sector: Industry
Implementation timeframe: 2012 - 2014
Area of intervention: Other
Policy instrument: Energy management
Responsible body: Service of Environment and Climate
CO2 reduction :
1820 t CO2 eq./a
Energy savings (MWh):
7397 MWh/a
Implementation cost (€):
40000 €

Description: This project addressed companies with a minimum annual consumption 1000 MWh, willing to reduce their energy consumption. Fifteen Ghent companies stepped in a pilot project of energy coaching. The main target is the structural implementation of energy management. Together they provided for a reduction in CO2 emissions of approximately 1,820 tons of CO2 and a financial savings of no less than EUR 360 000. The project is a bottom up idea of stakeholders indicating that this is what companies really need. Ghent received a Climate Star Award in 2014 and is nominated for the Belfius Smart Cities Award 2015 for this approach.
Financing sources: Local Authority’s own resources, EU Funds & Programmes

Rate this benchmark: BadPoorFairGoodExcellent (3 votes)

Benchmarks Date Language
Pilot Energy Coaching16 Jan 2015 en
City renewal project Ledeberg Leeft16 Jan 2015 en
Remediation public lighting16 Jan 2015 en
The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the authors. It does not reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
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